La Perichole


'La Perichole' is somewhat silly plot-wise, but it is hugely entertaining as well as some touching parts in third act and brilliant music by Offenbach, some of his best. Pierre Jourdan has been responsible for. Camila Perichole, christened Micaela Villegas, is the talented actress whom Uncle Pio transforms from impoverished tavern performer to polished, renowned stage presence. At the age of 12, the Perichole was singing in taverns, where Uncle Pio, recognizing her talent, adopts her, grooming her for greater accomplishments.

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Jacques Offenbach


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La Périchole Synopsis


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La Perichole Meaning

La Perichole

About the opera La Périchole

La Périchole (French pronunciation: ) is an opéra bouffe in three acts by Jacques Offenbach. Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy wrote the French-language libretto based on the 1829 one act play Le carrosse du Saint-Sacrement by Prosper Mérimée, which was revived on 13 March 1850 at the Théâtre-Français. Offenbach was probably aware of this production, as he conducted the orchestra of the Comédie-Française from around this time. Another theatrical creation that pre-dates Offenbach's opéra bouffe and may have influenced the piece is a farce by Desforges and Théaulon given on 21 October 1835 at the Théâtre du Palais-Royal.
La Périchole's title character is based on Micaela Villegas, a beloved 18th century Peruvian entertainer and the famous mistress of Manuel de Amat y Juniet, Viceroy of Peru from 1761 to 1776. The story concerns two impoverished Peruvian street-singers, too poor to afford a marriage license, and a lecherous viceroy, Don Andrès de Ribeira, who wishes to make La Périchole his mistress.

Read more on WikipediaLa perichole used cd
Kevin Clarke
Operetta Research Center
1 October, 2018

So here it is, finally: the live broadcast of Marc Minkowski’s performance of La Périchole with his Les Musiciens du Louvre. It had been heard at the Salzburg festival earlier this year, but it was France Musique who recorded it at the Festival Radio France Occitanie Montpellier in July 2018. It was on-the-air last weekend and can now be heard online. It should be seen in the tradition of other Minkowski productions of Offenbach, most famously his Belle Hélène and Grande-Duchesse, both presented at the Théâtre du Châtelet with Felicity Lott in the title roles, roles that were once created by Hortense Schneider. After what seems like an eternity, Mr. Minkowski now returns with another Offenbach show written for ‘La Snédèr.’ He is performing the 1874 version of Périchole, not the 1869 original.

La Perichole Libretto

Hortense Schneider als Périchole in a drawing from the time of the world-premiere.

In Kurt Gänzl’s Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre we read: “[For the 1874 revival in Paris] which featured the three stars of the original production, Offenbach and his librettists enlarged the show. Unusually, it ‘enlarged’ very well indeed. Unlike the remake of Orphée, where the expansion had consisted of sticking bits and pieces in throughout the work, the new Périchole left its highly satisfactory first act pretty well alone and attacked the notably weaker second part of the show. The authors, who had already made alterations and extensions to their book, introduced a whole new plot turning and took a much more burlesque tone in the preposterous new dungeon scene in which the Viceroy appeared in fantastical disguise as a jailor for a whole series of high jinks. Offenbach added no fewer than ten extra numbers to his score to suit the rearranged text, one of which was a delightful […] solo for his heroine, ‘Je t’adore, o brigand’.”

Act I of the Moscow Art Theatre “Périchole” with Olga Baklanova in the title role and Yagodkin as Piquillo. (From: Laurence Senelick, “Jacques Offenbach and the Making of Modern Culture,” 2018)

Instead of Felicity Lott, we get mezzo-soprano Aude Extrémo. She offers a lovely dark sound, easy pronunciation of the French lyrics and dialogue, smoky tones in the many lower sections of the role, secure high notes. She’s not a singer who goes for out-and-out comedy or burlesque. She is always an ‘opera singer’ first and foremost, and not one of those Offenbach interpreters who commanded exorbitant salaries in 19th century America for their salacious style. (We’re on France Musique, after all!)

Miss Extrémo doesn’t have a characteristic timbre like Regine Crespin, who was a unique Périchole. But she’s a believable street singer and much more alive than Sabine Brahm on the recent Ernst Theis recording from Dresden, issued by CPO in German language. I found that so dull that I fell asleep. (even though there are various interesting ‘extra’ bits of music.)

La Perichole

The CPO release of “La Périchole” conducted by Ernst Theis, with soloist and orchestra from Staatsoperette Dresden.

When the performance starts, Minkowski’s tempi are a little surprising; that has mostly to do with the fact that I’m used to the Igor Markevitch recording on EMI which is much brisker. I quite like this up-tempo approach because it pulls you right into the madness of the story and the pseudo-Peruvian world the music evokes. But Mr. Minkowski does speed things up as the first act evolves, though never quite getting to the total abandon that Mr. Markevitch achived back in 1959. (Also, the Périchole back then, Suzanne Lafaye, remains in a class of her own.) This over-drive quality witnessed on the Markevitch disc and on some other famous historic Offenbach recordings is something modern-day conductors seem to shy away from; even if it’s one of Offenbach’s greatest contributions to music history: total abandon!

The 1959 recording of “La Périchole” conducted by Igor Markevitch, on EMI.

As Piquillo we get Philippe Talbot, a fine tenor and certainly better suited for the role than José Carreras on the other EMI recording, but without that irresistible squeak which Raymond Amade uses under Markevitch. This particular squeak makes Piquillo sound a little daft, which lends the story a dimension I quite enjoyed. But Mr. Talbot managed a few daffy moments of his own, and they are fun to listen to.

Alexandre Duhamel is a great Le Vice-Roi with some heavy breathing when he goes after Périchole and tries to secude her. (Not succesfully.) And then there is Romain Dayez as Don Pedros de Hinoyosa. It’s a pity we cannot see him perform on the radio broadcast, he certainly sounds great. He’s probably the most dashing operetta singer currently around in France; he was also involved recently in the French touring production of André Messager’s Les P’tites Michu. Yes, I’m waiting for a DVD release!

Bass-baritone Romain Dayez walking the desert. (Photo: Instagram/romaindayez)

The Montpellier performance, on the whole, benefits from being live, with audible audience reactions. It also benefits from the many details that Minkowski highlights; they allow you to hear certain sections of the score with new interest. And marvel at Offenbach’s glorious orchestrations. But the full effect of an Offenbach performance was never – and will never – depend on the orchestra playing and orchestration.

President Grant and Jim Fisk watch “La Périchole” at the Fifth Avenue Theater in New York, 1869. As shown in the “Illustrated Police Gazette.” (From: Laurence Senelick, “Jacques Offenbach and the Making of Modern Culture,” 2018)

I wonder: will this performance come out on CD for the Offenbach anniversary 2019? Obviously, there can never be enough Offenbach on disc. Considering that there are already various outstanding French versions available, it’s a shame that the once successful British version that starred Selina Dolaro (who The Era described as ‘racy’) hasn’t been used as basis for a new recording, or the one starring Florence St John in London in 1897. And the famous Vienna version, 1869, deserves a more lively modern recording than what you get on CPO. But it seems many singers are afraid to go all the way down the opéra bouffe road, perhaps because they’re afraid of appearing ridiculous. But that’s, after all, what the characters are and what Meilhac and Halévy need for maximum effect, not to mention Offenbach. But: listen yourself and make up your own mind about what you think of the performance.

To hear the full live broadcast from Montpellier, click here.